Coordinated by means of the ICT platform and services, the range of implemented complementary services will provide an attractive, integrated, alternative mobility offer to Elba Island citizens, tourist, visitors and economic operators, thus allowing to achieve significant modal shift from private/individual transport to eco and energy efficient sustainable services and significant rationalization of freight delivery services, thus reducing the environmental and energy impacts of both people and freight flows in the island.

Overall, the objectives of ELBA project include:

  1. reduce private traffic incoming flows from Piombino Port (in mainland) to the two main Elba "doors" (Portoferraio and Rio-Marina ports, under the Piombino Port Authority) by offering Elba visitors and tourists (particularly during the high season) flexible, personalised, attractive and yet collective transport schemes for Elba destinations;
  2. reduce the impacts of local mobility of people (e.g. Elba residents) by rationalising the current offer and shifting part of traditional transport services to flexible, demand responsive services (improved offer, less empty runs, reduced impacts);
  3. reduce the load of incoming freight flows on the island, by offering freight consolidation on the mainland side (Piombino port area) and reduction of the freight trips reaching Elba by ferry;
  4. reduce the impacts of "last mile" freight delivery in Elba island by the use of clean vehicles (e.g. electrical, CNG), optimised delivery services (local freight consolidation, reduced/optimised number of trips) and the provision of value-added services;

Sub-activities 1), 2) and 3) are tightly interrelated and refer to three main sources of transport/traffic generated environmental issues for Elba: the high tourist flows accessing Elba (especially high during seasonal peaks); the internal insular mobility, related to both residents and economic activities (goods delivery, services, etc.); the freight flows from the mainland to Elba island (related to the local economy but increased during seasonal peaks, due to higher demand by tourists and visitors).

Figure 1: Overall objectives of ELBA project