Results

The expected positive results of the planned ELBA actions include:

  1. inducing a shift from private (car) mobility in the island by offering attractive public transport services operated by eco-friendly vehicles – flexible services dynamically responding to individual travel demand – to both residents (internal traffic) and tourists/visitors (incoming flows); i.e. less use of cars by residents, less needs to reach island destinations by own cars for tourists, thanks to the new demand-responsive services (demand-responsive transport from/to hotels and touristic destinations, personalized baggage delivery services, etc.);
  2. reducing the impacts of incoming freight flows through rationalization and optimization of the delivery services already on the mainland side (freight consolidation services, optimized freight transport schedules, optimized load capacity in short sea transport mainland-island);
  3. rationalizing freight distribution ("last mile" delivery) and logistics services e.g. inner logistics, outgoing freight flows) in Elba island by applying dynamic optimization strategies that adapt freight transport to both current demand and traffic conditions.

The envisaged solutions are tightly interrelated and will be part of an integrated mobility management scheme delivering different measures (addressing the above mobility components) operated through a common mobility service centre using flexible service provision, optimization of transport and alternative, attractive services to private transport.

The adoption of such schemes will positively contribute to reducing the adverse effects of current mobility processes and practice in people and goods transport, and will lead to relevant improvements for the environment as well as for the quality of life in Elba island.